a mystery 

A River Runs Through It 

A city with “many waters” needs more than a river.  It needs merchants who need a place to park their boats.  Rome was not a mystery and the Tiber river is no place to park your boat.  Constantinople was and is a mystery and likely to remain so.  She didn’t have seven hills until Theodosius II extended her walls in the fifth century to include a seventh hill.  

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a great city 

A New Rome 

A perfect fit.  Unlike Rome, Constantinople has it all.  

– It has many waters 17:1
– It is a mystery 17:5
– It has seven hills 17:9
– It has trade 18:11
– It has fallen, fallen 18:2
– It can be found no more at all 18:21


With Constantinople you can check all the boxes.  

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a great city 

A Mystery

A misinterpretation.  Even Peter knew he was in Babylon.  Some are still looking for his bones south of Baghdad.  That is the real mystery but Rome having seven hills was never a mystery.  The seven hills of Constantinople is still a mystery and likely to remain so.  It will never fit with their narrative.  

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