a bottomless pit 

A Recapitulation – 

A vision not in chronological order.  In chapter 9 and 11 we have the beast coming out of the “bottomless pit” and in chapter 20 the beast is being cast into it.  Victorinus was the first to suggest this theory of recapitulation.  The bottomless pit is also consistent with the beast that was, is not, and yet is.  The two beasts are really the same.  

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a history and commentary 

A Record of What Wasn’t –

A problem with Eusebius and Victorinus.  They don’t seem to be aware of the seven churches of the Apocalypse.  Eusebius mentions six of the seven churches but never associates them with the Apocalypse.  Victorinus mentions the seven churches that Paul wrote to but not the seven churches of the Apocalypse.  Was there a version of the Apocalypse that did not have the seven churches?  

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a recapitulation 

A Vision Repeated – 

A problem with interpretation.  There is an unfounded assumption that the chapters of the Apocalypse are in chronological order which makes it impossible to understand.  Each vision does not necessarily depend on the previous or following chapter.  This was understood by Victorinus in the third century.  It is called Recapitulation.  

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a conjecture 

A Prophesy Again

A book with three writers named John:  John who bare record, John to the seven churches, and John who am your brother.  Lots of unsettled questions: Who?, When?, and now Where?  Only the third John admits to being on the Isle of PatmosEusebius mentions six of the seven churches but never associates them with the Apocalypse.  Victorinus only mentions the seven churches Paul wrote to.  So why not speculate?   

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a look back 

A Church History 

A problem with the churches.  Eusebius mentions six of the seven churches of the Apocalypse but never associates them with the Apocalypse.  He doesn’t mention Antipas.  All this would be consistent with an earlier version of the Apocalypse written by John the Baptist.  Victorinus has a similar problem.   

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a history 

A Witness 

A Church History that includes six of the seven churches that John wrote to but Eusebius never associates them with the Apocalypse.  Victorinus doesn’t even mention them.  Is it possible there is a version of the Apocalypse that doesn’t include the seven churches?  It could be a reasonable explanation for what we are looking at.   

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