a thousand years 

A Christian Empire 

a time when they reigned with Christ.  The Byzantine Empire was the only Christian empire to last a thousand years.  Its capital, Constantinople, has all the characteristics of Babylon the Great.  No other city has them and can be found no more at all.  It is a mystery and likely to remain so.  

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A Year 

with no history but everyone knew Constantinople was the target of the Arabs.  They were ready to attack and the Christians were ready to defend themselves.  In addition to the walls, they had Greek fire.  Some historians could not be trusted with dates according to Gibbon.  This was the first siege of Constantinople by the Arabs.